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Our grapes

Red wines are made in the field – not in the wine cellar

 

It starts with the grape

If you immerse yourself in wines and their flavors, aging potential and style, you always will come back to the origin-The grape. Progenitor of all European grape varieties is Vitis vinifiera, known for more than 8000 years. Over the years, Vitis vinifiera have crossed and mutated into thousands of varieties and clones. Sometimes by chance, but mostly with the help of human selective intelligence.The long history of wine has taught man to choose the grape variety and the best place to grow vines which accentuates the best qualities of the variety. Thousands of years practical experience have defined today wine countries, wine regions an Grand Cru vineyards, with starting point the best place to vineculture a specific variety

Abdyika´s grapes varieties

With the same pragmatic approach, the local grape varieties that form the base of Abdyika’s wines were chosen. Viniculture, such as: pruning, shoots trimming, bunch yield reduction, harvest  is optimized with the sole purpose of obtaining grapes with the highest quality.

Bunch reduction to concentrate the fruit extract in the grapes

Broad Leaved Melnik:

The region’s original grape for thousands of years. The variety is very resistant to drought and the grapes ripen late. The color of the thin shells is purple and both sugar content and acid in the fully ripe grape are relatively low (just over 20% sugar and 4.2 grams/liter of total acid). The work in the vineyards and in the wine cellar aims to extract more color, soften the tannins and concentrate the fruit in the young wine. The wine generally has a medium-bodied taste, is fruity, has a light ruby ​​red color and an alcohol content of approx. 12–12.5%. The characteristic aromas are similar to sweet cherry and strawberries with a slightly herbal finish. The wine marries very well with oak and has good aging potential.

Melnik 55 (Early Melnik):

A grape variety developed in Bulgarian institute of Viniculture&Ampelography, by artificially  for hand pollinating Broad Leaved Melnik with pollen from Valdiguié, better known in southern France (and in the US as Napa Gamay).The grape’s resistance to drought is lower than that of Broad Leaved Melnik, but it ripens 2-3 weeks earlier. The skin is thin with a dark blue color and soft tannins. The acidity in the ripe fruit is relatively high, approximately 5,5 gr/l and with a sugar content above 25%. The work in the vineyard aims to obtain grapes in balance between sugar, acid, tannins and extracts. Therefore, a lot of work is required with each individual vine, so that the sugar content does not become too high. Young wine of Melnik 55 is dark blue in color, medium to high- body with fine smooth tannins and has substantial fruitiness of dark cherries and herbs. Marries well with oak barrel for long aging.

Ruen:

Grape variety developed by the Bulgarian Institute of Viniculture&Ampelography, by crossing Broad Leaved Melnik and Cabernet Sauvignon. The variety was already isolated in 1952, but was launched 15 years later.The grape has good resistance to both drought and mold attack. It has a medium-thick skin, with a strong dark blue color. It ripens at the beginning of October with a sugar content of about 22% and acid of 6 grams/liter.The work in the vineyard is concentrated on increasing the extracts in the grape via bunch thinning.Wine from Ruen has a dark blue color, good acidity, and fine structure of the tannins. The alcohol content usually lands at around 13.5%. The characteristic taste is bitter red berries such as cherries and blackberries, as well as violets and pepperiness in the aftertaste. The wine goes well with aging in oak barrels.

The melnik grapes is waiting for the perfect balance to be harvested- sweetness/acidity/taste

The vineyard’s complementary red grape varieties:

Other grape varieties included in Abdyika’s wines are Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. Their tannic structure and characteristic flavors of cherry, plum and blackcurrant complement well the estate’s base grape varieties and showcase Abdyika’s specific terroir well.

Abdyika’s  green grape varieties

Assyrtiko

is Greece’s most famous quality grape whose place of origin is the volcanic island of Santorini. The grape variety was chosen for Abdyika because of the similarities between Santorini’s and the vineyard’s soils, which are mostly densely packed sediments of sand, lime and volcanic ash. The grape has high fruit acidity and the young wine is very aromatic with notes of rose petals and apricots, and has a mild bitterness in the aftertaste.

Chenin Blanc

originates in the Loire Valley around the city of Anjou in the Touraine appellation.Low yield from well-trimmed vines on calcareous sedimentary soil is a basic requirement for grapes with a lot of extract and high fruit acidity, 7–8 grams/liter at a sugar content of about 20%. From these we ferment crisp, dry wines with a pleasant fullness and notes of green apples and minerality. The farm’s plants were supplied from the place of origin in the Loire and are of clone 220 and 880.

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